Winalagalis  

Posted by Stella Clark

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Winalagalis is a war god of the Kwakwaka'wakw native people of British Columbia. He travels the world, making war. Winalagilis comes from North (underworld) to winter with the Kwakiutl. (Locher p. 24-25) winalagalis is the bringer and ruler of Tseka (Winter Ceremonial), and imbues red cedar bark with supernatural power. Winalagalis is associated with a magical war canoe (alternately described as made of copper, a sisiutl, invisible, able to travel underground, & permanently fused with Winalagalis). He is also described as thin, tall, black, with bat-like eyes. (Jonaitis 100) Winalagalis' ceremonies include the Tuxwid and Hawinalal warrior invincibility dances, and the ma'maka (disease thrower) dance. In the Hawinalal, dancers don sisiutl girdles, are pierced through back & thigh skin with skewers, and suspended from the rafters of the plank house to demonstrate invincibility & immunity from pain (Boas, "Social Organization... ", p. 485). He is announced by whistles & bull-roarers (the voice of Winalagalis).

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Voltumna  

Posted by Stella Clark

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Voltumna or Veltha was the chthonic (earth) deity, who became the supreme god of the Etruscan pantheon, the deus Etruriae princeps, according to Varro. Voltumna's cult was centered in Volsini a polis of the Etruscan Civilization of northwest Italy. The bond of the twelve Etruscan populi was renewed annually at the sacred grove of Fanum Voltumnae, the sanctuary of Voltumnus sited near Volsinii (present day Bolsena), which was mentioned by Livy. At the Fanum Voltumnae ludi were held, the precise nature of which, whether athletic or artistic, is unknown. In the Roman Forum, near the Temple of Castor and Pollux stood a shrine dedicated to Voltumna in the Vicus Tuscus. He was the equivalent of the Roman Vertumnus.

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Goddess Kubaba  

Posted by Stella Clark

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KUBABA is the Hurrian Goddess of the city of Carchemish. She was usually depicted as a regal woman wearing a long robe, either standing or seated on a throne. She holds a mirror and a pomegranate, symbols of magic and fertility. She was adopted by the Hittites after the fall of the Hurrians, and eventually evolved into the Phrygian Goddess Cybebe, later known as Cybele to the Romans.

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The Fates  

Posted by Stella Clark

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"WITHIN THE FABRIC OF THE WORLD, EVERY LIFE HANGS BY A THREAD."--MORGAN FREEMAN"

THE "THREE FATES "ARE THE PERSONIFICATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL AND INESCAPABLE DESTINY FOLLOWED BY EVERY MORTAL BEING. THEY ASSIGN A MAN TO GOOD OR EVIL. THEY HAVE A SUBTLE, BUT AWESOME POWER. THEY ARE BELIEVED TO BE THE DAUGHTERS OF NYX. IT IS SAID THAT NO OTHER DEITIES HAD SO MUCH POWER AS THE FATES FOR THEY WERE THE GODDESSES WHO CONTROLLED BOTH MORTAL AND DIVINE FATE. EVEN THE POWERFUL ZEUS COULD NOT GO AGAINST THEIR DECREES, AND BECAUSE THEY WERE BORN FROM NYX, THEY BELONG TO THE EARLIEST CLASS OF DEITY...LONG PREDATING THE GODS.

AS GODDESSES OF FATE, THEY KNEW EVERYTHING OF THE PAST AND THE FUTURE. THEY WERE CALLED THE "SPINNERS OF FATE" WHO SPUN OUT THE DAYS OF THE HUMAN LIFE AS A PIECE OF YARN.

CLOTHO, WHO APPEARS AS A MAIDEN. SHE IS THE YOUNGEST AND IT HER JOB TO SPIN THE 'THREAD OF LIFE' FOR EACH INDIVIDUAL.

LACHESIS, WHO APPEARS AS A MATRON, IS THE 'MEASURER' TO WHOM THE THREAD WAS PASSED AS IT COMES OFF THE SPINDLE TO BE MEASURED AGAINST HER ROD. IT IS SHE WHO CHOOSES THE LOT IN LIFE ONE WILL HAVE AND MEASURES HOW LONG IT WILL BE.

AND ATROPOS, SHE WHO CANNOT BE TURNED, WHO APPEARS AS A CRONE. AT DEATH, IT IS SHE WHO SNIPPED THE THREAD WITH HER SHEARS. ALTHOUGH THE SMALLEST OF THE THREE, SHE IS THE FATE WHO IS THE MOST FEARED.

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