Gabija The Lithuanian Goddess Of Fire  

Posted by Stella Clark

Gabija The Lithuanian Goddess Of Fire Image
"GABIJA" IS A SPIRIT OF FIRE IN LITHUANIAN MYTHOLOGY, A PRIMORDIAL FIRE GODDESS. SHE IS THE GODDESS OF THE FAMILY BONDS WHO PROTECTS THE HOME AND FAMILY, BRINGS FERTILITY AND HAPPINESS, AND STIMULATES CATTLE AND AND THE GROWTH OF THE CROPS. AS THE "MISTRESS OF THE HEARTH," SHE IS FAR FROM THE PASSIVE MAIDEN ARCHETYPE OF EITHER "VESTA" OR "HESTIA". FIRE WAS ONE OF THE MOST SACRED ELEMENTS TO THE LITHUANIANS; HENCE, "GABIJA" IS LOOKED UPON AS THE FLAMING SYMBOL OF ALL THAT WHICH IS TRULY ALIVE, A DEITY AND POWER THAT MUST BE TREATED WITH THE UTMOST RESPECT, FOR THE FIRE WAS BELIEVED TO BE THE CONNECTION WITH THE WORLD OF THE ANCESTORS WHO CONTINUED TO LIVE IN THE HEARTH FLAME.

IN PRE-CHRISTIAN TIMES, THE LITHUANIANS HAD COMMUNAL SACRED FIRES WHICH WERE TENDED TO BY PRIESTESSES, BUT THE LAST LITHUANIAN FIRE WAS EXTINGUISHED IN 1413. THEN, THE TRADITION WAS MOVED INTO THE HOME AS THE "GABIJA", AND, BECAUSE ONLY WOMEN COULD CARE FOR HER, EVERY EVENING THE MISTRESS OF THE HOUSE CAREFULLY TENDED THE FIRE AND PRAYED TO IT TO ENSURE THE FAMILY'S GOOD FORTUNE. PEOPLE FED HER BY OFFERING BREAD AND SALT. SOMETIMES A BOWL OF CLEAN WATER WOULD BE LEFT NEAR THE HEARTH SO THAT SHE COULD WASH HERSELF. PROFANING FIRE IN ANY WAY WAS SACRILEGE, AND THERE IS MUCH FOLKLORE THAT DESCRIBES THE FATE OF THOSE WHO OFFENDED THE GODDESS. SOMETIMES, IT IS SAID, SHE WOULD "GO FOR A WALK" BURNING THE HOUSE.

THE SACRED CULT OF GABIJA WITH ITS PREHISTORIC ROOTS HAS SURVIVED TO THE PRESENT, AND THE HEARTH FIRE IS THE FOCUS DURING EVERY TRADITIONAL BALTIC HOLIDAY...A FIRE IS LIT, WHETHER SUCH IS IN AN ALTAR OR BONFIRE, OR BY CANDLE FOR ALL FAMILY RITUALS AND RITES OF PASSAGE. EACH RITUAL BEGINS WITH INVOKING HER PRESENCE WITHOUT WHICH RITES WOULD BE POSSIBLE. THIS FIRE GODDESS IS STILL HELD IN REVERENCE, AND, LIKE" BRIGID", SHE HAD SPECIAL FESTIVALS AT THE BEGINNING OF FEBRUARY DEDICATED TO THE HER AND THE RENEWAL OF FIRE. SACRIFICES OF POWER TO GABIJA ARE BREAD, SALT, WATER.

"THANK YOU, LITTLE FIRE, FOR THIS OUR DAY, LET US GREET OUR GOOD LITTLE NIGHT, AND PROTECT OURSELVES FROM THOSE WISH US BAD, AND LET THOSE WHO ARE LOST FIND THEIR ROAD.

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Goddess Devaki  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Devaki Image
DEVAKI is a Hindu mother Goddess. She was the daughter of Devaka and wife of King Vasudeva. Devaki's cousin, King Kamsa, had been told by a prophet that Devaki's eighth son would kill him. Kamsa wanted to kill Devaki outright, but instead imprisoned her and her husband and killed their children as they were born, six sons in all. When Devaki became pregnant with her seventh son, the baby was miraculously transferred to the womb on Vasudeva's other wife, Rohini, and was named Balarama when he was born. Devaki's eighth son was placed in her womb by Lord Vishnu, and he was secreted away from the prison before Kamsa learned of his existence--this child was Lord Krishna. He grew up in close proximity to his brother Balarama, and eventually fulfilled the prophecy and killed Kamsa. He then freed his mother and father from their prison.

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