Atarsamain  

Posted by Stella Clark

Atarsamain Cover
Atarsamain (also Attar-shamayin, "morning star of heaven") is an astral deity of uncertain gender, worshipped in pre-Islamic northern and central Arabia. Worshipped widely among Arab tribes in pre-Islamic Arabia, Atarsamain is known from around 800 BC and is identified in letters of the Assyrian kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal. He/she may be synonymous with the Arab goddess Allat whose cult was centred on Palmyra. According to Dierk Lange, Atarsamain was the main deity in a trinity of gods worshipped by what he calls the Yumu'il confederation, which he describes as a northern Arab tribal confederation of Ishmaelite ancestry headed by the "clan of Kedar". Lange identifies Nuha as the sun deity, Ruda as the moon deity, and Atarsamin as the main deity associated with Venus. A similar trinity of gods representing the sun, moon and Venus is found among the peoples of the South Arabian kingdoms of Awsan, Ma'in, Qataban and Hadramawt between the 9th and 4th centuries BC. There, the deity associated with Venus was Astarte, the sun deity was Yam, and moon deity was variously called Wadd, Amm and Sin. Atarsamain is twice mentioned in the annals of Assurbanipal, king of the Assyrian empire in the 7th century BC. The reference is to a?lu (sa) a-tar-sa-ma-a-a-in ("the people of Attar of Heaven") who are said to have been defeated together with the Nebayot and the Qedar (Qedarites) led by Yauta ben Birdadda, who was also known as "king of the Arabs".

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Goddess Ikapati  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Ikapati Image
IKAPATI is the Tagalog Goddess of fertility, especially that of plants. In the beginning, Ikapati lived with her husband Bathala in the heavens, with the moon and stars as their neighbors. Although he tried to hide it from Ikapati, Bathala felt that his life was empty and Ikapati decided to do something to make him happy. She went to her garden and mixed together some clay and the dew from a banana blossom. When the ball of clay became to big for her hands, she gave it to Bathala and told him to finish it. Bathala took great joy in shaping the ball, giving it mountains and rivers. He took seeds from the plants in Ikapati's garden and scattered them over the ball, which he now called the earth. Ikapati was proud of her husband's work, and she placed the earth in its proper place under the sky. She poked holes in the sky so that the stars could shine through, and she created rain, which gave life to the seeds that Bathala had spread. Ikapati's name means "giver of food," and she is also known as LAKAPATI or LAKANPATI.

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