VENUS IS THE ROMAN GODDESS OF LOVE, BEAUTY, AND FERTILITY. SHE IS ALSO THE GODDESS OF HERBS, STRAWBERRIES AND CYPRESS TREES. HER SYMBOL IS A HAND MIRROR. SHE WAS REVERED AS THE ANCESTOR OF THE ROMAN PEOPLE. IT IS SAID THAT VENUS IS SYNONYMOUS TO THE GREEK GODDESS, APHRODITE, AND ALTHOUGH THE TWO SHARE SOME COMMON HISTORY, THE ATTRIBUTES OF VENUS ARE QUITE DIFFERENT THAN THOSE OF APHRODITE. FOR ONE THING, APHRODITE WAS KNOWN TO BE QUITE LIBERAL IN THE MATTERS OF LOVE AND SEXUALITY, BUT VENUS, WHO, YES, DID HAVE SEVERAL AFFAIRS, WAS MORE REVERED AS A GODDESS OF CHASTITY. IN FACT, VENUS TAKES A MORE MATURE ROLE AND IS WORSHIPPED AS A MOTHER GODDESS, WHILE APHRODITE IS THE MAIDEN. VENUS WAS THOUGHT TO HAVE BEEN THE PARTNER OF MARS, THE GOD OF WAR...AND THE MOTHER OF AENEAS, THE FOUNDER OF ROME. IT IS SAID THAT VENUS DISPELS TROUBLES AND TURMOIL WHILE GIFTING HER DEVOTEES WITH HAPPINESS AND JOY. SHE IS THE PATRONESS OF PROSTITUTES AND HEALS SEXUAL ISSUES ON THE MENTAL AND PHYSICAL LEVEL. HER COLOR IS GREEN; HER JEWEL IS THE EMERALD.
The name of the Goddess Venus has also been given to the second planet from the Sun. This association may have been made because of the brilliant appearance of the planet which is among the most beautiful of the Celestial objects. Ironically,even though She is beloved by the Romans who saw Venus as the planet of love and adorned Her with roses, the Mayans and the Aztecs of America saw the planet Venus differently; indeed, they connected Her with violence. They believed that when Venus goes retrograde, She turns into a man, gets seduced by the goddess of love, and fathers a sea monster as a child. Then, the story goes, because he lost in a ritual game, he must be sacrificed by the sun. Afterwards, he is reborn again as a She. (I know, pretty confusing, but Mesoamerican astrology is fascinating). This same sequence was mirrored by the Mesoamericans through real life completion, warfare, and human blood sacrifices which led to fertility rites.
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