Macuilxochitl  

Posted by Stella Clark

Macuilxochitl Image
In Aztec mythology, Xochipilli was the god of love, games, beauty, dance, flowers, maize, and song. His name contains the Nahuatl words xochitl ("flower") and pilli (either "prince" or "child"), and hence means "flower prince". He is also referred to as Macuilxochitl, which means "five flowers".

His wife was Mayahuel and his twin sister was Xochiquetzal. As one of the gods responsible for fertility and agricultural produce, he was associated with Tlaloc, god of rains, and Cinteotl, god of maize.In the mid-1800s, a 16th-century Aztec statue of Xochipilli was unearthed on the side of the volcano Popocatepetl near Tlamanalco. The statue is of a single figure seated upon a temple-like base. Both the statue and the base upon which it sits are covered in carvings of sacred and psychoactive plants including mushrooms (Psilocybe aztecorum), tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), morning glory (Turbina corymbosa), sinicuichi (Heimia salicifolia), possibly cacahuaxochitl (Quararibea funebris), and one unidentified flower. The figure himself sits crosslegged on the base, head tilted up, eyes open, jaw tensed, with his mouth half open. The statue is currently housed in the Museo Nacional de Antropologia in Mexico City.

It has been suggested by Wasson, Schultes, and Hofmann that Xochipilli represents a figure in the throes of entheogenic ecstasy. The position and expression of the body, in combination with the very clear representations of hallucinogenic plants which are known to have been used in sacred contexts by the Aztec support this interpretation.

Wasson says in The Wondrous Mushroom of the statue of Xochipilli:"He is absorbed in temicxoch, 'the flowery dream', as the Nahua say in describing the awesome experience that follows the ingestion of an entheogen. I can think of nothing like it in the long and rich history of European art: Xochipilli absorbed in temicxoch."

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Goddess Gbenebeka  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Gbenebeka Image
GBENEBEKA is the Ogoni Goddess of motherhood. This Nigerian tribe say that Gbenebeka came down from the sky and created their people. She sometimes appears to men, and if they are kind to her she will stay with them for awhile. One day, she will vanish, moving on to another deserving man. A shrine to Gbenebeka was burned down by the British in 1914 as a response to an Ogoni uprising. Her name means "great mother."

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Goddess Hiiaka  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Hiiaka Image
HI'IAKA is the Hawaiian Goddess of the islands and nature. She is the sister of Pele, Goddess of fire and volcanoes. Although Hi'iaka was conceived as an egg in Tahiti, Pele's original home, she was born in Hawaii after being carried there by Pele. She is therefore sometimes called HI'IAKA-I-KA-POLI-O-PELE, which means "cradled in the bosom of Pele".

Hi'iaka loved her sister Pele, despite her temper tantrums. Only one incident marred their relationship. Pele had seduced a young chief named Lohiau who lived in Kauai. After returning to her home at Kilauea, Pele wished to have the chief come live with her, and she asked Hi'iaka to go and bring him to her. She warned Hi'iaka not to fall in love with Lohi'au, and to return within 40 days. Hi'iaka asked Pele to watch over her gardens and her friend, Hopoe, who lived there.

Hi'iaka's journey to Kauai was long and dangerous. When she finally arrived, she found that the young chief had died from heartache, thinking that Pele would not return for him. Hi'iaka used her magic to bring Lohi'au back to life, and returned with him to Pele. Unfortunately, she had been gone for more than 40 days, and Pele had grown jealous and angry. She burned down Hi'iaka's gardens, with Hopoe trapped inside.

Hi'iaka was devastated by the loss of her friend and so mad at Pele that she turned to Lohi'au and kissed him. This made Pele even angrier, and she sent waves of lava to kill them. Hi'iaka was not harmed, but Lohi'au died, again. Hi'iaka, realizing that she loved him, went to the underworld and brought him back to life for the second time. The two then returned to Kauai, out of Pele's reach, and lived out their lives together.

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