Roman Goddesses  

Posted by Stella Clark

Roman Goddesses Cover
- Angerona. The Roman goddess of the winter solstice, Angerona is shown with a bandaged mouth with a finger to her lips commanding silence. Her feast the Divalia or Angeronalia was celebrated on December 21.
- Aetna. Aetna is the Roman mountain goddess after whom the Italian volcano Mount Etna is named.
- Aurora. The Roman goddess of dawn.
- Antevorta. Antevorta is the Roman goddess of prophecy.
- Bona Dea. The "good goddess," Bona Dea became the most popular name by which the goddess Fauna or Fatua was known in Rome. She is worshipped only by women, and only in secrecy at rites in early December. Led by Vestal priestesses, these rites were held at the home of a high-ranking Roman matron. The room was decorated with vine branches and with wine flowing freely, it is thought these events were rather rowdy.
- Bellona. The serpent haired goddess Bellona is often described as the feminine side of the god Mars. She represents conflict as well as peace in war.
- Concordia. Concordia is the Roman goddess of peace and in art shown as a heavyset matron holding cornucopia in one hand and an olive branch in the other.
- Ceres. The goddess Ceres is the force of crop growth personified and celebrated by women in secret rituals.
- Camenae. These Roman water spirits dwell in freshwater springs and rivers, their most notable haunt being the sacred spring at the Porta Capena, just outside of Rome. Their name means "foretellers." Their festival, the Fontinalia, was celebrated on October 13 by tossing good luck wreaths into wells.
- Disciplina. Disciplina is the Roman goddess of discipline.
- Diana. Diana is the mother of wild animals and forests, and a moon goddess. Oak groves are especially sacred to her. She is praised for her strength, athletic grace, beauty and her hunting skills. With two other deities she made up a trinity: Egeria the water - Devera. Devera is the Roman goddess that rules the brooms used to purify ritual sites.
nymph, her servant and assistant midwife; and Virbius, the woodland god.
- Edusa. Edusa is the Roman goddess who oversees the weaning of infants.
- Flora. Flora is the embodiment of the flowering of all of nature, including human nature. The female body was honored at the Floralia, the festival of nude women celebrated until the 3rd century A.D., when Roman authorities demanded revelers must wear clothes. Flora is the queen of all plants. Romans called her the secret patron of Rome, without whose help the city would die.
- Fraud. Fraud is the Roman goddess of treachery.
- Fons. Fons is the Roman goddess of fountains.
- Fortuna. The goddess Fortuna controls the destiny of every human being. She is the goddess who permits the fertilization of humans, animals and plants.
- Felicitas. Felicitas is the goddess of good fortune, not to be confused with Fortuna.
- Juno. The Roman supreme goddess is Juno, married to the ruling god, Jupiter. She is believed to watch and protect all women. Every year, on the first of March, women hold a festival in honor of Juno called the Matronalia. To this day, many people consider the month of June, which is named after the goddess who is the patroness of marriage, to be the most favorable time to marry. The peacock is sacred to Juno.
- Minerva. Minerva is the goddess of wisdom, commerce, crafts, and inventor of music. Ovid called her the "goddess of a thousand works." The Romans celebrated her worship from March 19 to 23 during the Quinquatrus, the artisans' holiday.
- Proserpine. Proserpine is the counterpart of the Greek goddess, Persephone. She was kidnapped by Pluto and taken to his underworld and made queen of the dead.
- Panacea. Panacea is a Roman goddess of health.
- Potina. Potina is the goddess honored as the spirit of weaving and of drinking.
- Puta. Puta is the Roman goddess of tree pruning.
- Pallor. Pallor is the Roman goddess of fear.
- Providentia. Providentia is a Roman goddess whose name means "forethought."
- Salus. Salus is a Roman goddess of health.
- Tempestates. Tempestates is the Roman goddess of wind and storm.
- Tellus Mater. The Roman "Mother Earth" is the constant companion of Ceres, and the two of them are patrons of vegetative and human reproduction. Tellus is also the mother death goddess since the dead are returned into her womb, the earth.
- Unxia. Unxia is the Roman goddess of wedding anointment.
- Sentia. Sentia is the Roman goddess who heightens feelings.
- Verplace. Verplace is the Roman goddess of family harmony.
- Venus. As the goddess of love, Venus is the "queen of pleasure" and mother of the Roman people. She is married to Vulcan, the lame god of the forge. She is also associated with her lover, Mars the god of war. She is also a nature goddess, associated with the arrival of spring. Venus is the bringer of joy to gods and humans.

Further reading (free e-books):

Charlotte Fell Smith - John Dee
Michael Jordan - Dictionary Of Gods And Goddesses
Francesca De Grandis - Be A Goddess

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This entry was posted on 23 April 2009 at Thursday, April 23, 2009 . You can follow any responses to this entry through the .

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